future perfect

Future perfect full explanation with examples

The future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will be completed before a specific point in the future. It indicates that the action will have already happened by that time. In other words, it expresses an event or state that will be finished or perfected in the future.

The structure of the future perfect tense is formed by using the auxiliary verb “will” or “shall” (depending on the subject) followed by the auxiliary verb “have” and the past participle of the main verb.

The general structure is as follows:

Subject + will/shall + have + past participle

Here are some examples to illustrate the usage of the future perfect tense:

By the time I arrive, they will have finished dinner.
(This sentence implies that the action of finishing dinner will be complete before the speaker’s arrival.)

She will have completed her assignment by tomorrow morning.
(The completion of the assignment is expected to happen before tomorrow morning.)

They will have been married for 10 years by next month.
(This sentence indicates that their marriage will reach the 10-year mark before next month.)

By the time he wakes up, we will have left for the airport.
(The action of leaving for the airport will be finished before he wakes up.)

I will have read that book by the end of the week.
(The reading of the book will be completed before the week comes to an end.)

By the time the concert starts, they will have rehearsed the entire performance.
(The rehearsal of the performance will be finished before the start of the concert.)

In each of these examples, the future perfect tense is used to indicate that an action will be completed or a state will be reached before a specific point in the future. It emphasizes the idea of a perfected or finished event in the future.

Future perfect purposes

Time expressions: The future perfect tense is often used with time expressions that indicate the specific point in the future when the action will be completed. Examples of such time expressions include “by the time,” “before,” “by next week/month/year,” “by the end of,” etc.
Example: By the end of the day, she will have written five emails.

Certainty and assumption: The future perfect tense is used to express certainty or assumption about the completion of an action before a specific time in the future. It suggests that the action will definitely happen or is expected to happen.
Example: I am confident that he will have arrived by now.

Cause and effect: The future perfect tense can be used to express cause and effect relationships between two future events. It shows that one event will cause or enable another event to happen in the future.
Example: Once they have finished their work, they will have more free time.

Hypothetical situations: The future perfect tense can also be used to discuss hypothetical or imaginary situations in the future. It allows you to speculate about what would have happened if certain conditions were met.
Example: If she had studied harder, she would have passed the exam.

Passive voice: The future perfect tense can be used in the passive voice to emphasize the completion of an action by a specific time in the future, without specifying who will perform the action.
Example: The project will have been completed by the end of the month.

Negative form: To form the negative form of the future perfect tense, use “will not” or the contracted form “won’t” before “have.”
Example: They won’t have finished their homework by tomorrow.

Question form: To form a question in the future perfect tense, invert the subject and “will,” and then add “have” before the subject.
Example: Will you have arrived by the time the meeting starts?

Overall, the future perfect tense is used to discuss completed actions or states in the future before a specific point in time. It helps convey the idea that something will be perfected, finished, or achieved by a certain moment in the future.

Future perfect Examples

Business context:
By the end of the quarter, we will have exceeded our sales targets.
The company will have implemented the new software by next month.

Travel context:
By the time we reach the hotel, the sun will have set.
I will have visited five countries by the end of this year.

Academic context:
By the time the semester ends, I will have completed all my assignments.
They will have graduated with honors by the time the ceremony takes place.

Technology context:
By next year, virtual reality technology will have revolutionized the gaming industry.
By the time the new smartphone is released, they will have developed advanced features.

Personal goals context:
By the time I turn 40, I will have written a novel.
He will have saved enough money to buy a car by the end of the year.

Scientific context:
By the time the experiment concludes, they will have collected sufficient data for analysis.
Scientists predict that the cure for the disease will have been discovered within the next decade.

Sports context:
By the end of the game, the team will have scored multiple goals.
The athlete will have completed the marathon in under three hours.

Social context:
By the time the party starts, they will have decorated the venue beautifully.
I’m sure they will have prepared delicious food for the gathering.

These examples demonstrate how the future perfect tense can be used in various contexts, such as business, travel, academics, technology, personal goals, science, sports, and social situations. The tense helps express actions or achievements that will be completed before a specific time in the future, highlighting the idea of perfection or completion.

Future perfect in creative writing or fiction

As the clock strikes midnight, the old mansion will have revealed its long-held secrets.

By the time the hero reaches the enchanted forest, the mystical creatures will have disappeared into thin air.

The time traveler will have visited ancient civilizations and witnessed historic events before returning to the present.

By the end of her journey, the protagonist will have discovered her true identity and embraced her destiny.

When the final page is turned, the mystery novel will have unraveled all its intricate plot twists.

By the time the spaceship lands on the undiscovered planet, the crew will have encountered unimaginable wonders.

As the curtain falls, the actors will have delivered a mesmerizing performance that will leave the audience in awe.

By the end of the war, the world will have changed forever, and the survivors will have emerged with newfound strength.

When the sun sets on the last day of the year, the protagonist will have achieved all the goals set at the beginning.

By the time the prophecy is fulfilled, the chosen one will have overcome countless challenges and saved the world from destruction.

These examples demonstrate how the future perfect tense can be used to create anticipation, build suspense, and convey the completion of significant events or character arcs in works of creative writing or fiction. It adds a sense of accomplishment or resolution to the narrative.

Future perfect usage to create a sense of inevitability in a story’s climax

The future perfect tense can be used strategically to create a sense of inevitability in a story’s climax by emphasizing that certain events or outcomes are destined to happen or have already been determined. Here’s how it can be utilized:

Foreshadowing: Throughout the story, you can use the future perfect tense to hint at future events that will lead to the climax. This creates a sense of inevitability and builds anticipation in the readers’ minds.
Example: Little did she know that by the time the clock struck twelve, her life would have changed forever.

Prophecies or Predictions: Incorporate prophecies or predictions made by characters or mystical elements that foretell the future. Use the future perfect tense to highlight these predestined events.
Example: The ancient scroll had foretold that by the time the moon reached its zenith, the chosen one would have vanquished the evil.

Character Knowledge: Utilize the future perfect tense when characters possess knowledge about future events, making them certain of the outcome. This can create a sense of inevitability as characters work towards fulfilling their knowledge or preventing it from happening.
Example: The detective knew that by the time the killer struck again, he would have uncovered the crucial evidence to bring them to justice.

Flash-forwards: Incorporate flash-forwards where the future perfect tense is used to depict events that are yet to come but are presented as inevitable or already accomplished.
Example: She closed her eyes and saw the vision of herself standing at the podium, triumphant. By the time the award ceremony arrived, she would have become a celebrated author.

Symbolic Language: Use the future perfect tense in metaphorical or symbolic language to convey a sense of predetermined fate or a foreseeable outcome.
Example: The threads of destiny were already woven, and by the time the final thread was cut, the world would have witnessed the rise of a new era.

By incorporating the future perfect tense in these ways, you can create a sense of inevitability, heighten tension, and build anticipation towards the climax of your story, making the readers feel that the events are predestined or bound to happen.

Find us on Facebook

Practice Digital SAT

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You cannot copy content of this page